According to recent finds, humans have lived in the Arctic for over 40,000 years.
Scientists from the Siberian Section of the Russian Academy of Sciences (H) made the finding when they performed radiocarbon studies on pieces of reindeer antler discovered at the Kushevat Paleolithic site in the Lower Ob area.
A woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius), a steppe bison (Bison Priscus), an elk (Alces alces), a deer (Cervus elephus sibiricus), and maybe a musk ox were also studied in addition to the antler bones (Ovibos moschatus). The bones were examined, and a series of 20 distinct radiocarbon dates, all falling between 20 and 40 thousand years ago, were used to date them.
The result has now been used as the foundation for future research, which now date human activity in the Ob area to 40,000 years ago, even though it just indicates that animals, not people, inhibited the Arctic region 40,000 years ago. This is due to the fact that two reindeer antlers, which were recently examined, had signs of human activity amid this set of bones.
Scientists have long been curious in the possibility that an early Homo sapiens sapiens (modern man) colonized the Arctic and Subarctic. Paleolithic man is frequently thought to have migrated through the valley of the Ob River. It is thought that modern man arrived in Europe and Asia between 50,000 and 60,000 years ago.
Where the modern man lived previously and how he crossed the Urals are still mysteries. For a long time, it was believed that a sizable glacier blanketed Western Siberia’s northern region between 12,000 and 30,000 years ago (just like the north of America and Europe). A 130-meter-deep basin that had been dammed was located south of the glacier.
For this reason, it was thought to be fruitless to search for archaeological sites in the north that date to a time between 30 and 40 thousand years ago. It was supported by the nearly total lack of discoveries (tools, sites, organic matter).
“Our colleagues from Europe and Russia demonstrated that there was no ice cover in the north of Western Siberia 12,000–30,000 years ago thanks to an international research initiative that used AMS dating and optical-stimulating luminescence. 90,000–60,000 years ago, north of Salekhard, was a significantly earlier time period. The ice-dammed basin in the Ob valley was not higher than 60 meters.
This paleogeographic image is totally different. I believed for thirty years that an ancient human may have existed in Western Siberia’s northern region if the right circumstances had been present. Now that we had the chance, we could try to demonstrate it by locating Homo sapiens artifacts from 30,000 to 50,000 years ago in the north of the Ob, said the project manager and head of the lab at the Institute of Geology and Mineralogy named after V.I. V.S.